Early diabetes prevention and dietary advice Diabetic diet Diet definition: This diet is based on a normal diet and provides appropriate calories and nutrients according to the patient's condition to achieve control of abnormal metabolism and maintain a reasonable weight.
Diet purpose:1. Maintain the ideal metabolic state of the body, so that blood sugar, blood lipids and blood pressure tend to be normal, And make diabetes reach a manageable goal.
2. Cooperate with clinical treatment to prevent and treat acute and chronic complications caused by diabetes
3. Consider health status, hobbies, culture and ethnicity to meet their individual nutritional needs.
4. Encourage the choice of healthy food and more activities to improve health. Applicable symptoms: Patients with diabetes and impaired glucose tolerance.
★ 1. Pay attention to the intake of whole-grain roots and stems, such as (white rice, noodles, bread, pumpkin, sweet potatoes, rice noodles, red beans, mung beans, kuih, slats)
★2. The number of fruit servings should be controlled, and the amount of fruit in a maximum of two bowls per day (2 fist size) to avoid excessive sugar intake
★3. Low-fat milk is mostly used for milk, because whole milk has higher sugar content. Suggestion: drink sugar-free or low-sugar soy milk
★4. Exercise for 30 minutes a day and add enough water. Avoid excessive exercise, aerobic exercise is better
★5. Minimize the consumption of foods rich in saturated fatty acids, such as: fatty meat, skins, animal fats (lard, tallow, chicken fat, goose fat, etc.), palm oil, coconut oil, processed foods (sausage, tribute, etc.) Balls, shrimp dumplings, yan dumplings, fish dumplings, etc.) and full-fat dairy products (whole-fat milk, cheese, etc.).
6. The cooking oil should be rich in unsaturated fatty acids, especially the cooking oil rich in monounsaturated fatty acids, such as olive oil, canola oil, rapeseed oil, etc.
7. The cooking methods should be steamed, boiled, cold, braised, roasted, stewed, braised, etc. to reduce the amount of oil.
8. Choose foods rich in fiber, such as: vegetables, fruits, whole grains (oats, barley, brown rice, etc.), unprocessed beans (soy beans, mung beans, red beans, etc.), and thinning fruits should be combined with skin and residue as much as possible edible.
9. Chinese and Western snacks (such as: crab shell, salted bread, curry dumplings, chicken rolls, etc.), festive foods (such as: rice dumplings, moon cakes, sweet, salty rice cakes, etc.) and sugary foods (such as candy, Condensed milk, honey, soft drinks, beverages, fruit juices, preserves, Chinese and Western desserts, cakes, sugared cans, etc.), avoid excessive consumption.
10. Minimize the consumption of fats and oils rich in trans fatty acids, such as: butter, maceline, roasted ghee, etc. and their products (cakes, pastries, etc.).
11. Patients who pay attention to insulin or oral hypoglycemic drugs should pay special attention to eating a little snack (such as a 15 grams of carbohydrate) or carrying candy with them when they miss a meal to prevent hypoglycemia. Related to hypoglycemia Processing.
12. Control sodium intake, especially for patients with high blood pressure. Sodium intake should be limited to 2400 milligrams (6 grams of salt) per day. Normally, you should minimize the use of sodium or seasonings, as well as eating salt and heavy seasoning. Processed foods.
13. Foods with high cholesterol content should be reduced, such as: internal organs (brain, liver, kidneys, etc.), crab roe, shrimp eggs, fish eggs, mullet roe, etc. For those with high blood cholesterol, the intake of egg yolk should not exceed 2~3 per week.
14. When eating out and getting sick, you should pay attention to the food selection skills.
15. Drink alcohol in moderation. For pregnant women, pancreatitis, progressive neuropathy, or severe hypertriglyceridemia, you need to avoid drinking alcohol. The so-called proper amount means that men do not exceed 2 alcohol equivalents per day; women do not exceed 1 alcohol equivalent per day. 1 alcohol equivalent = 2 servings of fat = 90 calories = 12 oz (360cc) beer = 5 oz (150cc) brewed wine = 1.5 oz (45cc) distilled wine.
16. Alcohol can inhibit the effect of gluconeogenesis and lasts for 8-12 hours. Therefore, it is necessary to avoid drinking alcohol on an empty stomach and causing hypoglycemia. As alcohol metabolism does not require insulin, and taking into account the problems of low blood sugar caused by alcohol, there is no need to deduct any food intake when drinking moderately.
17. Exercise needs to choose the most appropriate method based on individual physical condition, preferences, age, and lifestyle. Patients with type 2 diabetes can improve their insulin sensitivity through exercise, and help achieve or maintain their ideal body weight; and patients with type 1 diabetes should take care to avoid hypoglycemia during exercise. When blood sugar control is not good (blood sugar is greater than 250~300 mg/100 ml), exercise will worsen blood sugar and produce ketone bodies, which is not suitable for exercise. You need to exercise after blood sugar control improves.
18. Exercise should be used 3-4 times a week, 30-60 minutes each time, exercise intensity up to 60-85% of the maximum heart rate (220-age/minute), will help blood sugar, blood lipids, blood pressure And weight control.
19. Diabetes patients who are pregnant or have gestational diabetes should increase their caloric and nutrient intake according to the recommended amount of general pregnant women, and closely monitor blood sugar, urine ketones and weight changes. Studies have shown that reducing the proportion of sugars in the diet to 40-45% of total calories during pregnancy will help control blood sugar after meals. In addition, it should be served with small meals (5-6 meals a day), There is a need to eat midnight snacks to avoid ketone bodies on an empty stomach for too long.
Minsheng Medical Laboratory kao Medical technologist kao nutritionist Care about you